Volume 18, No. 6, 2021

Knowledge About Emotions As An Indicator Of Wellbeing Among Early Childhood Learners

Asma Maryam , Dr. Muhammad Arshad Dahar , Dr. Muhammad. Imran Yousuf & Dr. Irfan Ahmad Baig


Emotions are a vital part of human life. All human beings are emotionally driven. So, the knowledge about emotions is fundamental for everyone, especially for children in the early stages of development for their survival in a diverse community. The present study aimed to focus on the emotional recognition skill of early childhood learners (age 3-6 years) in Pakistan as an indicator of wellbeing. The study postulates that at the stage of early childhood learners can recognize emotions but this skill is in the development process and continues to improve with age. Two hypotheses were formulated under this assumption. To test these hypotheses three objectives were developed. First, on the level of accuracy in recognizing emotion (each and on the total score). Second, on the level of accuracy in recognizing emotion (basic and complex), and third on gender differences. Multi-stage Stratified Random sampling technique was used and the total sample of the study was (n = 209), boys (n= 81) and Girls (n = 128) in the early childhood stage. Semistructured interviews were conducted in dual languages (Urdu & English). Emotions cue cards were used along with storylines using emotion words as a technique of data collection. Data were analyzed by using various statistical techniques and were displayed in the form of tables. The main findings along with discussion points were discussed and major conclusions were drawn. Two major conclusions were, first, that learners in the early childhood stage of development in Pakistan can recognize emotions (overall, basic and complex). In addition, there is no gender difference in recognizing emotions both gender have an equal ability to recognize emotions correctly.

Pages: 6060-6080

Keywords: Emotions Knowledge; Emotions understanding; Emotional Wellbeing, Social-Emotional Wellbeing; Recognizing Emotions through Facial Expression.

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