Volume 18, No. 6, 2021

A Critical Appraisal Of Higher Education In India


Dr. V. Sreemannarayana Murthy

Abstract

Higher Education, opening new vistas in research and extension activities, apart from teaching, makes multi-dimensional contributions to the society in its holistic growth. It has a prominent place in the developmental discourse of the country. Education and more particularly Higher Education is one of the key drivers of overall progress of a nation. Though University system has been an age-old concept in India, with Universities like Taxila and Nalanda flourishing in ancient times, it was the British administration, which laid foundation for modernization of education or Western Education (Singh: 2007). The Western framework of education which continues its influence till today has broadened the horizons of thinking and has been instrumental in extending the frontiers of knowledge. It played a major role in social reforms in India, and the concept of modern law infused the spirit of free thinking and began to break the traditional barriers which restricted social mobility in the Indian society. Education is a crucial instrument of social mobility and social change (Hasan: 1976). The adoption of Indian Constitution ushered in an era of democracy and nation building. With the establishment of University Grants Commission (UGC) in 1956, an institutional framework was provided for formulation and maintenance of standards in Higher Education across the country. The University education in India began to blend oriental learning with Western Education.


Pages: 9488-9494

Keywords: The heterogeneous and complex Indian society presents an enormous challenge to create equal opportunities for all the sections of the society in the process of nation building.

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