Volume 18, No. 6, 2021

Religious Norms And Corruption In Civil Servants Of Pakistan

Dr. Ayaz Khan , Muhammad Qasim Junaidi , Mr. Fazli Dayan , Mr. Hakim Said , Mr. Muhammad Aqeel Khan , Mr. Riaz Ahmad Khan , Mr.Tajwar Ali


The focus of the current article was to determine the cultural contexts of corruption with specific reference to administrative norms within Pakistani society. A total of 384 respondents were selected from four public sector organizations. Data was collected through the Likert scale based questionnaire. Statistical analysis using the Chi-square test was used to evaluate and establish associations between the variables. At the bi-variate level, statistical analysis revealed that corruption perception was found to be significantly associated to certain variable. Based on the comprehensive findings of this research, a number of policy recommendations and proposals include: redefining and revitalizing religious and moral values of honesty, dedication, uprightness and patriotism at the family, educational and community levels through active participation of all societal segments with specific emphasis on media, religious leaders, teachers and politicians; the promotion of social equality in rights irrespective of power status of societal members; the devaluation and demoralization of corruption through legal punishments and social sanctions; the promotion of admirations and rewards for honesty; devising research based policies and legislation to discourage norms that promote corruption; and the introduction of anti-corruption courses at all educational levels in Pakistani society.

Pages: 573-582

Keywords: Corruption, Culture, Cultural Norms

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