Volume 18, No. 6, 2021

Resolving Methods Inter-Faith And Intra-Faith Tensions In Contemporary Era; An Appraisal

Dr. Mohib ul Nabi Tahir , Dr. Muhammad Shahid Habib , Dr. Hafiz Faiz Rasool , Dr. Syed Hamid Farooq Bukhari


The undesirable outcomes of globalization and post-modernism have generated more apprehensions about the possibilities for peaceful coexistence. Although the tensions among world religions (Inter-faith) and numerous sects of a religion (Intra-faith) have been encouraging international organizations, state governments and religious organizations to resolve faith-based conflicts for a long time but secular and Muslim communities are still in search of long term commitment for peace through local and top level programs. In this regard, it should be kept in mind that the mediating conflicts requires genuine understanding of core issues and setting up agreed principles. All this cannot be desired without considering religion as systematic body of doctrines with specific historical development since religion is not a primary source of conflict. Instead, religion is part of all solutions and policy makers should engage ‘religious moderates’ to plan approaches for resolving faith-based tensions. As far as the methodologies are concerned, there is no one and only best or ideal methodology to resolve these issues. Different approaches have been suggested and applied for both inter-faith and intra-faith harmony by various organizations and states. These include, for instance, community based discussions of religious groups, training of religious leaders by different states such as UK, USA, Egypt etc. and involvement in policy making process. However, different circumstances and variable demographic locales demand specific approaches also. Moreover, there is need for impact measurement of already implemented strategies as well as new possible opportunities for peace-building procedure. So this research paper aims to explore strengths and pitfalls in policy making, methodology and implementation of ongoing models as well as new possibilities. Descriptive and analytical methodology would be utilized to present the findings of the research. Hence, this study would help to formulate practical approach(s) for policy makers and executive machinery.

Pages: 4064-4075

Keywords: Inter-Faith, Intra-Faith, Conflicts and Tensions, Methods and Approaches, Evaluation and Monitoring

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