Volume 21, No. 2, 2024

Analysis And Place Of Affixes In English Grammar

Dr. Benjamin-Franklin Chimaroke Nwokedinwoke , Dr. Eneremadu, Queen Easther Chioma , Dr. Umelo, Ngozi Jovita N. , Ude, Chika Queen


This work is a critical analysis of affixes, which are the beginnings and endings that help form a large proportion of the words we use. The subject of affixes opens our understanding to a broad meaning of words, with deep insight in their functions. Greenbaum defines affixes as bound morphemes that do not occur without being attached to a morpheme. Ejele sees it in the major group of word formation. In further extension, affixes are classified based on fufnction and position. All these are explained in both from two stand points. The first is using affixes to perform essentially three functions when attached to the rout of a word, while the second which is positional occurs relatively to the location of the root word. The two show that affixes are either functional or positional vis-à-vis the base of a word. Positional affixes are those which occur relative to the location of a word, while functional affixes are those which perform different functions when attached to the root of a word. Inflectional affixes perform grammatical function without changing the class category of the word to which it is attached, while derivational affixes change the part of speech or alter the meaning of the word to which it is attached.

Pages: 62-91

Keywords: Affixes are the building blocks of English.

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